How do people who run portfolios make money?

Cosmit Paniat
4 min readDec 15, 2022


You might wonder how portfolio managers make money, whether you are one or want to learn more about the field. Read on to find out the facts and how to make money doing what you love.

Passive portfolio management usually makes money by copying the performance of a benchmark index. In other words, the fund buys the same stocks as the benchmark. The goal is to get the same return as the benchmark, not necessarily to get the same amount of risk.

Funds that are managed actively can cost more than funds that are managed passively. But they can also give you better returns. A recent study found that in the last 10 years, 25 percent of active managers beat passive funds.

Choosing suitable investments takes time and effort. Besides cost, there are many other things to think about. For example, a company’s performance can be affected by the quality of its stocks. There are also Capitalization, Yield, Momentum, and Style to think about.

A passive investment strategy costs a lot less in terms of money. Instead of paying a team of experts to keep track of how the market is doing, a passive fund only charges you a transaction fee. That is a huge plus.

The performance of an investment may be better than the manager says, but the gross-of-fee performance of passive managers tends to be about the same as other investment strategies. Choose a low-cost index-tracking fund if you want to beat the market.

For many investors, putting money into an index-based fund is the best way to make money without taking risks. This is one of the main reasons why passive investing has become so popular.

Traditional investment firms use a human advisor to choose investments and manage portfolios. Robot advisors, on the other hand, use automated trading and algorithms to choose investments and manage portfolios. Most of the time, they charge a fee for managing the assets and a monthly fee.

Fees can be a flat rate or a certain percentage of the managed assets. The more services you can get, the more you have to pay. Some robot advisors offer more than one type of portfolio, which can help to find the best balance between risk and return.

Investing in a robot advisor can be a good choice for people who are just starting and need more money. You can open one of these accounts with a few hundred dollars or less. You can use your checking or savings account to put money into your account with many robot advisors.

The best Robo-advisors teach you a lot and help you set goals. They also tell you to do things to improve your chances of being successful. Some robot advisors will even help you plan your finances for free.

Using simple investment strategies, robot-advisors help regular investors invest without requiring active management. Most of these services offer automatic rebalancing to help you keep your portfolio in balance. Tax-loss harvesting is something that some robot advisors also do.

The best Robo-advisors also give you tools to try out different situations. For example, Wealthfront’s Financial Planning Service looks at your investments and helps you determine your goals. It also asks about your age, feelings about taking risks, and how long you want to invest. Then, based on your profile, the system suggests a portfolio.

Portfolio management can be an exciting way to make a good living, whether you want to work in the investment field or want to know more about it. But before you get started, you should know what a portfolio manager does and how to get started.

A portfolio manager’s main job is to make suitable suggestions about which stocks and other securities should be bought. They also have to decide how much to invest and when to sell. Also, they must understand financial ideas like risk and return, valuation, and the market’s mood.

Portfolio managers can focus on stocks, high-yield bonds, fixed income, or different types of assets. Some even start their businesses on their own. Other portfolio managers work with other analysts as part of a team.

Most of the time, the best way to get a job as a portfolio manager is to apply for already open jobs. To stand out, make a strong resume that includes facts and numbers about your experience in finance. You should also have a good background in school. Most employers want you to have a master’s degree in finance, economics, or a similar field.

As you prepare to apply for a portfolio manager job, look for an investment firm that works with your goals and interests. The business is growing like a snowball, and as more people look for help with their investments, the need for professionals in this field will grow.



Cosmit Paniat

Cosmin Panait is a New York-based investment fund manager who has backed both private and public enterprises.